Myanmar is located in Southeast Asia bordered by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand.  It consists of 14 states and regions.   The global Environmental Performance Index (EPI) has put Myanmar with an overall ranking of 153 out of 180 countries in 201 which is among the worst in South Asia region.   The environmental areas where Myanmar performs worst are air quality (174), health impacts of environmental issues (143) and biodiversity and habitat (142). Myanmar performs best in environmental impacts of fisheries (21), but with declining fish stocks. Myanmar also ranks 64 and scores very good (a high percentage of 93.73%) in environmental effects of the agricultural industry because of an excellent management of the nitrogen cycle.

Myanmar’s environmental administration faces an enormous challenge as the country's economy opens up.   The total forested area in Myanmar is fast reducing due to logging, while fish stocks have declined significantly due to overfishing. The country’s unmanaged urbanization has brought its own problems, with the challenges faced by the waste management services highly visible on the streets.